How Is Inguinal Hernia Surgery Performed?
An inguinal hernia is a tissue swelling in the groin area caused by a tear in the membrane structures of the abdominal wall. It becomes much more obvious when you cough or strain. Aside from swelling, pain can sometimes be very annoying.
What are the Symptoms of Inguinal Hernia?
Most of the time, the groin will swell up. The size of the swelling can change, and it may go away if the person lies down. The distressing situation is also brought to light by the pain that comes with swelling. The patient must be looked at in order to make a diagnosis.
What are the Problems That May Occur If Inguinal Hernia Is Not Treated?
If you do not take care of an inguinal hernia, it can get worse and hurt a lot more over time. Organs can sometimes be squished because of the swelling. If the hernia is causing strangulation, the intestine may be in a state of decay. When someone has an emergency, like nausea, vomiting, fever, or a bruise in the groin, they are taken to surgery. There is no chance of laparoscopic surgery if the compressed hernia needs to be fixed quickly.
Preparations Before Inguinal Hernia Surgery
Before the surgery, the patient is told everything he/she needs to know about the process. In every way, the pros and cons of the surgery are laid out. An anesthesiologist looks at it very carefully. All drugs used before surgery should be told to the doctor in charge, and care should be taken, especially since stopping blood thinners is the most important thing to do.
What are the Anesthesia Options for Inguinal Hernia Surgery?
Surgery for an inguinal hernia is done with general anesthesia, local anesthesia, or spinal anesthesia. Most of the time, general anesthesia is best for closed inguinal hernia surgeries, while spinal anesthesia is best for open surgeries.
Inguinal Hernia Surgery -Open Method
In the open method, the area below the waist is numbed and the procedure is done. In the groin area, a cut of 10–15 cm is made to fix areas that are loose or hurt. And the job is done by putting on a patch. About an hour is needed for the surgery. It is best to stay in the hospital for 1 day.
Inguinal Hernia Surgery – Closed Method
Under general anesthesia, tiny cuts are made in the abdominal wall to let gas into the abdominal cavity. This makes the surgeon’s field of view bigger. Surgical instruments are used to find broken membrane layers and hernias. The intestines have been pulled back. Man-made patches are put on. Up to 30–45 minutes can pass during surgery. If the hernia has hurt any of the organs inside the body, the procedure may take longer.
Advantages of Closed Inguinal Hernia Surgery
- Less pain in the time after surgery
- Less time in a hospital
- Helps you get better faster.
- With three small holes made from the middle, both sides can be used at the same time.
- Since people can get back to work faster, there is less loss of labor.
- Fewer scars from surgery
- Less sense of stress
- There is less loss of feeling because there is no cut in the groin.
- If the first operation was done with an open method, this is the best way to treat a recurring inguinal hernia.
Hospital Period After Inguinal Hernia Surgery
Whether the open or closed method is chosen, the patient can stand up in a few hours. If you make your legs numb from the waist down, the feeling will go away over time. The night before surgery, you stay in the hospital. After that, a short rest at home is enough.
What are the Results of Inguinal Hernia Surgery?
No matter if the method is open or closed, the success rate is high in both. The hernia does not come back very often, either. Young men can sometimes get infections or have trouble with their sexual functions. To avoid all of these, it is important to go to people who are skilled and experienced for surgery.
How Long After the Operation is it Possible to Return to Normal Life?
There are risks with every surgery. Depending on whether the surgery is done in an open or closed way, the time it takes to get back to normal life is different. It is important to watch how he/she moves, not make sudden moves, and avoid doing heavy things in business and in everyday life. Every wrong move makes it more likely that someone will get hurt. Closed method surgery is better, especially if the patient’s job requires him to be physically strong. Because there is a very low chance of getting another hernia with the closed method.
How is the Post-Surgery Follow-up?
After surgery for an inguinal hernia, the area is closed for 2 days. Even though cases of infection are rare, this situation is used as a safety measure. If there are problems with the wound, like redness or pus coming out of it, the right doctor should be called. After the third day, the wound is dressed again, and painkillers can be taken with the doctor’s permission. When there is a suture that dissolves on its own, there is no need to take it out. If stitches that do not dissolve are used, they should be taken out in a week.