What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is also known as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is basically divided into two as type 1 and type 2.
- Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood, and the main problem is in the beta islet cells of the pancreas. The main problem for the person with type 1 diabetes is that their body does not have enough insulin. So, this kind of surgery has no good effects.
- Type 2 is more likely to happen to people who are older or who are pregnant. The body has become resistant to insulin, which is the main problem. In other words, the body has insulin, but because of a problem, this insulin can not get into the cells. Since sugar can not get into the cell without insulin, the blood sugar level goes up. People with this kind of diabetes will really benefit from the surgery.
What Causes Diabetes?
People with Type 2 diabetes are especially good candidates for surgery. The most common reasons why this disease happens are listed below, but 95% of the reasons have not been found yet.
- Genetic causes
- Unhealthy diet
- Unhealthy lifestyle
- Alcohol use
- Being overweight
- Fast Food and High-calorie diet
- Stressful lifestyle
How is Diabetes Diagnosed?
A fasting blood sugar level of more than 100 is the most clear sign of diabetes. There are also other signs of high blood sugar besides these. Some tests are done on people with these symptoms to figure out what is wrong.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
- Dry mouth
- Frequent urination
- Drinking a lot of water
- Delayed healing of skin wounds
- Frequent infections
- Skin dryness
- Feeling of hunger
- Numbness, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
- Eye disorders
How is Diabetes Treated?
Even though the public does not yet know how surgery is used to treat diabetes, it is clear that surgery is the best way to treat it. The surgical method works 90% of the time, especially for people with Type 2 diabetes.
In Type 2 Diabetes Surgery, 2 surgical methods are generally applied.
- Ileal Interposition: The main goal of this surgery is to turn on the hormones that are released from the intestines when nutrients are sent to the last part of the small intestine early. This makes it easier for cells to use insulin, so the patient can use his own insulin. This is not enough on its own, of course. For these patients in particular, stomach reduction is done based on their BMI (Body Mass Index) so that the treatment we give them will last. Studies have shown that this method helps people with type 2 diabetes improve by 85–90%.
- Transit Bipartition: This surgery changes the order of absorption, but it takes less time than ileal interposition surgery and works the same way. It also lets the patient keep using the insulin they already have. This method also improves things by 85–90%.