The gallbladder is an organ in our bodies that is right next to the liver. The gallbladder looks like the pocket on the dress. With this comparison, we can think of our gallbladder as a pocket on our liver. The gallbladder’s job is to store extra bile made by the liver. Bile helps the body break down fats. When fatty foods are eaten, the gallbladder sends all of the bile that has built up there into the intestine. This makes it easy for fats to be broken down.
What is Gallstone?
Small stones form in the gallbladder and are called gallstones. Gallstones do not always form in the gallbladder. Sometimes they form in the ducts that lead to the gallbladder or in the liver. People know that the main reason these stones form is because the gallbladder does not work as it should, and that this is caused by problems with the gallbladder. Before gallstones form, a substance called “bile sludge” builds up. As this bile sludge keeps getting worse, gallstones start to form. Gallstones can form because of the environment, some blood diseases, or because they are in your genes.
Causes and Symptoms of Gallstone Formation
Gallstones are made by a process that starts with bile sludge in the gallbladder and ends with the sludge turning into gallstones. It can sometimes form because of the sand on the table, which is one of the things that can cause them. Gallstones are often caused by things that are in your genes and are mostly caused by things in the environment, but what you eat plays a big role. The most obvious sign of a gallbladder problem is pain in the abdomen. This pain in the stomach may move to the back and spread to the whole area. Symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and fever often go along with abdominal pain. If you do not pay attention to the stones in your gallbladder, they could fall into the duct and cause jaundice. In more severe cases, the pancreatic duct can become blocked, which can put the patient’s life in danger.
How is Gallstone Diagnosed?
Ultrasound is the first tool used to find out if someone has gallstones. The person should not eat or drink anything for 4 to 5 hours before the ultrasound. Tomography is another way to find out if someone has gallstones. MRI is the best way to get a clear picture of gallstones during a test.
People with Priority in the Formation of Gallstones
Gallstones often form in overweight women over the age of 40 and in women who have had more than one baby. It happens much more often, especially in people over the age of 60. People who lose a lot of weight can also have it. It is common in diseases of the blood, especially those that cause anemia. People who have diabetes or a fatty liver are much more likely to have it. A genetic disorder could be the cause of gallstones. Bile sludge can happen after a woman gives birth.
Treatments to be Applied in Gallstone Formations
The only way to get rid of gallstones is to have the gallbladder taken out by surgery. Sometimes, especially on the Internet, medicine or herbal products are suggested before anything else. But there is a chance that gallstones will come back after this kind of treatment is over. Because the main problem is not the stones in the gallbladder, but rather the way the gallbladder works getting worse, Also, if gallstones are not treated and left to their own devices, they can block the pancreas, which can be dangerous to the patient and even cause death. Because of this, people with a gallbladder should keep getting their treatment without stopping. Surgery to remove the gallbladder is the only way to get rid of gallstones for good. Gallstones can not form if the gallbladder is surgically removed. There are two ways to do gallbladder surgery: the open method and the closed method. Aside from these surgeries, one-hole gallbladder surgery, which we call cosmetic surgery, can be done in a way that does not leave any marks in the umbilicus. In this method, the belly button is the only place where a cut is made. So, after the wound has healed, no one will know that the patient had surgery. So, this method is called cosmetic surgery.